Brian F. Bridgeforth

Understanding the World

The World

Hanoi Summit

The Hanoi Summit Ends Without a Deal

March 1, 2019

It can be argued that Donald Trump really needed badly to come home from the historic Hanoi Summit with North Korea leader Kim Jong-un with a deal.  The summit was overshadowed by Trump’s domestic woes

Muhammadu Buhari

Nigeria President Muhammadu Buhari Wins a Second Term

February 27, 2019

Nigerians went to the polls on February 23 and reelected their president, Muhammadu Buhari.  The outcome was uncertain going into election day as Buhari was in a close race with his main rival, Atiku Abubakar,

INF Treaty

The End of the INF Treaty

February 25, 2019

After announcing his intentions of withdrawing from the INF Treaty (Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty) in October, President Donald Trump officially began the process of U.S. withdrawal on February 2.  President Trump cited Russia’s alleged violations


Thomas Jefferson and Monticello

Thomas Jefferson and Monticello

January 17, 2019

One of the pleasures of growing up and living in Virginia is being surrounded by its great history which has had a profound effect on not only the course of the United States, but also

Leopold II

Leopold II and the Rape of the Congo

June 11, 2018

King Leopold II of Belgium is remembered in history as a monster.  His atrocities in the Congo committed in the name of greed are the darkest chapters of European colonialism.  Through the period from the


Michael Cohen

Michael Cohen’s Damning Testimony Against Trump

March 6, 2019

Last week while President Trump was attending the failed negotiations with Kim Jong-un in Hanoi, his former lawyer and “fixer,” Michael Cohen, gave damning testimony in front of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform. 

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi

Trump Faces a New Congress Amidst a Government Shutdown

January 5, 2019

January 3 saw a new congress sworn in in Washington that represents the results from November’s midterm elections which saw devastating losses for Republicans. While the GOP maintained their control of the Senate and gained

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